The War with the Sioux: The Book

And the Book is Out!

The Archaeology of the Mediterranean World

It’s a good day! The English translation of Karl Jakob Skarstein’s The War with the Sioux is finally published. Go here for the links to download the book.

WwSCover2FINALCover08272015 Front

The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota is excited to announce the publication of the first English translation of Karl Jakob Skarstein’s The War with the Sioux: Norwegians against Indians 1862-1863. Associate Professor of Norwegian Melissa Gjellstad and UND alumna Danielle Mead Skjelver translated the text and Dr. Richard Rothaus and Dakota Goodhouse provided new introductory material.

Skjelver noted that “”I first encountered Skarstein’s riveting narrative on the US-Dakota War in 2007. I had never read anything like it. Translating this work was fascinating and rewarding because of the book’s unique focus on a specific immigrant population, and because Skarstein admirably attempts to get at the action and emotion of the many sides of this conflict.”

Skarstein’s narrative…

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The War with the Sioux: Open Access Teaser

A book I translated with a colleague is nearly out. Stay tuned!

The Archaeology of the Mediterranean World

I’m very happy to announce that the first English translation of Karl Jakob Skarstein’s War with the Sioux: Norwegians against Indians 1862-1863 is pushed to publication. It should be available on Amazon and via a free download by the end of tomorrow! (I’m feeling super impatient right now, to be honest!)

Since we’ve been developing The Digital Press’s website as the official presence of The Press on the web, I feel free to be a bit more colloquial here about the book.

This is a watershed for me because it’s the first book that The Digital Press has published in which I don’t have a academic interest. I’m not uninterested. In fact, having read through a bunch of versions of this book, produced the maps, and laid out the manuscript, I’ve developed a bit of Oslo Syndrome with the text. I eventually ended up visiting the Killdeer Mountain Battlefield where…

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News from The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota

Publication of Melissa Gjellstad’s and my translation of Karl Jakob Skarstein’s “The War with the Sioux” is progressing nicely.

The Archaeology of the Mediterranean World

I have this idea that people out there are wondering about The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota. Our first two books,Punk Archaeology (for free) and Visions of Substance (for free), were pretty successful, and we’d maybe be justified resting on our laurels. 

But, we’re not. 

I spent the last week or so writing a grant proposal that emphasized our cooperative model of production and distribution as an alternative to traditional academic publishing. We hope to get some support for a reboot of our neighborhood history series and perhaps a series of North Dakota Quarterly reprints

More importantly, we have a few more books in the works, and we expect that at least two of them will appear in the next few months. 

Next month, we will release Melissa Gjellstad’s and Danielle Skjelver’s translation of K. J. Skarstein’s War with the Sioux:…

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Letter to the Editor Re: North Dakota National Guard and Native Fans

Update: The Bismarck Tribune would require the ND National Guard to respond directly to their paper, so I have pulled my original letter. It would have been disingenuous to allow a letter to print questions to which the Guard has responded in another medium.


From Early This Morning: Native News recently printed a letter to the editor from me regarding what many fans observed at the Class B Basketball Championship. I stand by the version that Native News printed, however it was not the version I asked them to print. The printed version was written in the heat of the moment and was less than ideal for conversation.

The Bismarck Tribune will be printing the more useful version of the letter. I have provided it below. I have also included the North Dakota National Guard’s response to my letter. I appreciate the Guard’s immediate response via their Facebook page, specifically I find this line to be of value, “We will review our procedures to ensure that we never again create such a perception.”

Letter to the Editor

Why did the ND National Guard send two Guardsmen to dazzle the ND State Class B Boys Basketball Championship fans, giving full attention to one group of fans while ignoring the other?

At half-time, one Guardsman spent a good five minutes leading cheers, tossing recruiting goodies, and drumming up spirit for one team in the championship game. The other Guardsman was nowhere to be seen. Effectively, the National Guard snubbed the opposing team.

That team was Native, the Four Winds Indians. It was embarrassing to say the least; the blatant rudeness was shocking.

There may be a legitimate reason for this. If there is a reason, the ND National Guard did not explain it to the crowd. Instead they openly and unapologetically shunned the ethnic group that serves more heavily in the military than any other.

I spoke with a Four Winds fan, a man in his 50s, old enough to have some experience with the military. He had no idea why the Guard ignored his side of the arena. “You know, this kind of thing happens so often, you just get used to it. But whenever there’s a war, then they pay attention to us.” He thanked me for noticing.

I was appalled, and I was not the only one to notice this affront. The message that the Guard sent loud and clear – even if it was not the intended message – was that white kids are worthy of their time, and Indian kids are not.

This is curious when according to the Department of Defense Native American Heritage Month site, “historically, Native Americans have the highest record of service per capita when compared to other ethnic groups.”  Is this a public, unashamed expression of racism? Without an explanation, what else are we to think?


North Dakota National Guard Response via Facebook

“A recruiter with the North Dakota National Guard was singled out in a recent letter to the editor of the Native News Online. A review of the circumstances surrounding this event revealed that it was a honest mistake by our recruiter. After completing the breakdown of his booth because it was the last game of the day, the recruiter quickly grabbed the remaining “give away” items and distributed them to the crowd that was nearest to him. The recruiter engaged the crowd with cheers and gave away the last few remaining items. We apologize that this created a perception that we were supporting one group of fans while ignoring the other. During the duration of the Class B Basketball tournament, our recruiters were in contact with all of the fans of all of the teams and distributed Guard-related items. This was in no way meant to be a display of favoritism, the recruiter simply ran out of items. We have nothing but respect for all of our Brothers & Sisters-in-Arms; we relish the relationship we have with our Native American Communities, as well as the schools and colleges within those communities. We will review our procedures to ensure that we never again create such a perception.”


The event addressed above in no way reflects on the game itself or on the players from either team, who have the utmost respect for one another, as was obvious from their embracing one another before and after the game.


Why I am OK with Wikipedia

I just posted the following to my classroom Cyber Cafes.

Many college professors ban Wikipedia because it is not peer reviewed, and we have no idea who the contributors to Wikipedia entries truly are. There is merit in these concerns, and you should indeed not cite it in any college work if you want an A in that course. Do not cite it in papers in my course because no history publication would accept Wikipedia or any other encyclopedia as a citation.

However, in my courses, you may cite it as a supplemental source beyond the 5 required citations in Discussions. While I can not speak to other fields, I find that most Wikipedia entries for History tend to be no less accurate than any other encyclopedia entries in peer reviewed or professionally edited publications such as Encyclopaedia Britannica where I write. 

Further, Wikipedia has value that other encyclopedias do not. Because it is crowd sourced, it does not follow authoritarian, conservative narratives as other encyclopedias and as textbooks have historically tended to do. By sheer volume, crowd sourcing means that Wikipedia receives far more interpretive analysis.

Take a look at the American Revolution Wikipedia entry. Along the top, next to the search box is an option to View History. Click on that, and you will see all of the edits that have ever taken place. You will see changes to the material on African Americans, women, and Native Americans. Farther back, there is contention over the use of the term “patriot” versus “insurgent” and “revolutionary” from British perspectives. I owe my awareness of this to Danah Boyd’s It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens and to Bill Caraher of UND. Isn’t it wonderful that anyone can contribute to the conversation about how ethnic groups are represented, rather than solely people in positions of power?

Wikipedia is not without its flaws, but it is a far more democratic source than any other out there. It is also a living document. Errors tend to be corrected within minutes by other contributors, and after all, is not accuracy and as broad as possible a representation of the past what we are seeking?